After Charlemagne’s death, Europe split into two parts, France and Germany. Germany then separated into several small states. Which of the following events followed this time period?
A) Hugh Capet organized a revolt in Germany, which eventually led to its reorganization.
B) The pope began ruling over German lands through the use of religious clergy.
C) Otto the Great united Germany and eventually created the Holy Roman Empire.
D) William the Conqueror established peace between the states, leading to modern democracy.
Harold, an Anglo-Saxon nobleman and William, the Duke of Normandy laid claim to the crown of England in 1066. Their conflict started the
A) Norman conquest.
C) Britain conquest.
D) Saxon wars.
The Reconquista was a series of campaigns that involved
A) Charlemagne and the French fighting for control of Northern Europe.
B) conquering parts of northern Italy to form Germany.
C) taking control of all of Italy and forcing the Italian citizens to live under Roman rule.
D) the Christians attacking the Moors for control of the Iberian Peninsula.
For about 400 years France was under the control of many powerful nobles loyal to no one. In the mid-900s which noble family rose to power and, through force and treaties with other nobles, gained control of most of France by the 1300s?
Which document was the outcome of the English noble uprising in 1215?
B) Domesday Book
C) Magna Carta
D) Royal Papers
What was the reason behind Leo IX’s dedication to the reformation of the papacy?
A) He believed that the Catholic Church had become corrupted and greedy.
B) Too many people had drifted away from the church, so there was a need to restructure the faith process.
C) There was a need to rebuild the physical churches, because of the destruction from all the wars.
D) Most of the popes had become too involved with politics and needed to focus on religious matters.
The pope’s influential rise in the Middle Ages resulted from
A) the kings and emperors needing more spiritual guidance before going into war.
B) the fact that almost everyone in Europe was Christian.
C) the church taking control of collecting taxes while the kings were at war.
D) the peasants being so poor they looked to the church for support.
In 1054 the patriarch of Constantinople refused to recognize the pope’s authority, so the pope excommunicated the patriarch. How did this impact the Christian church?
A) This action caused the start of the Crusades.
B) The pope instituted stricter rules on the people to demonstrate his power.
C) The pope increased taxes to build more churches and increase the church’s power.
D) It split the church, creating the Roman Catholic and the Orthodox churches.
The popes had the ability to raise armies like they did against the Muslims of southwest Asia, launching a series of wars known as the
A) battles of piety.
B) invasion of Normandy.
D) religious wars.
The popes started to gain power and influence in society by being involved in both
A) collecting taxes and building more churches.
B) the emperors lives and the lives of the noble class.
C) people’s religious lives and politics.
D) military policies and the collection of taxes.
During the Middle Ages, the popes became powerful political leaders by
A) the elimination of corrupt clergy, appointing bishops, building armies, and ruling territories.
B) aligning themselves with kings, lords, and monarchs.
C) raising taxes to build more churches and naming those churches after kings and nobles.
D) contributing church monies to the kings to help fund the king’s wars.
Which pope had enough political power to make Emperor Henry IV wait three days in the snow for a meeting?
A) Pope Paul I
B) Pope Leo IX
C) Pope Urban II
D) Pope Gregory VII
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